Men and women who received lifestyle interventions (including diet and exercise) are 40% less likely to progress to type 2 diabetes after 1 year and 37% less likely to progress after 3 years. The latest research comes from Dr Anna Glechner, Danube University Krems in Austria, and Dr Jürgen Harreiter, Medical University of Vienna in Austria and their colleagues. (27th Nov 2014)
They also found that behavioural and drug interventions are equally effective in preventing people of both sexes with pre-diabetes from progressing to full blown Type 2 diabetes. Pre-diabetes status refers to the stage between normal blood sugars and diabetic levels.
The study outcome is encouraging news as it means that if the condition is discovered at an early stage, behavioural changes using lifestyle interventions and the use of glucose lowering drugs can reduce the risk of succumbing to a full blown Type 2 diabetes. The study also mentioned that adherence to the interventions is essential in order to achieve the desired effects.
According to Prof Mark Baker, the centre for clinical practice director at NICE, “Obesity is directly linked to type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease, cancer, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke, arthritis and it affects people’s mental health. About 10% of NHS budgets are spent treating diabetes and its complications
We know that Type 2 diabetes generally manifests itself later in life, and is commonly associated with a lifestyle where there is lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet. If the condition is left untreated, it can give rise to serious health conditions. Pre-diabetes stage is when the level of blood glucose is higher than the normal range but not sufficiently high enough to be classified as Type 2 diabetes.
This research would suggest that people with pre-diabetes will have to adopt a healthier lifestyle that includes a regime of weight loss and more physical activity. However, most of us may not know whether we are at risk of the condition unless we proactively have a health screen. By the time the symptoms of diabetes start to develop, it may be too late to halt the progress to Type 2 diabetes. Nevertheless, we need to remind ourselves that in any case, we should think about stepping up our physical activity regime and adopt a healthier food intake to control our weight. Physical activity not only helps to lose weight but also helps to reduce cardiovascular risks such as heart disease and hypertension.
ToHealth has a comprehensive health screen programme, which can help determine your risk factors for pre-diabetes and a base line reading of the state of health. The screen is conducted by a health professional that will discuss the findings and advise you following the health screen. This will enable you to better understand how you can reduce your health risk and step in the right direction to better health.
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